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  • 产品手册及电子书
    • 爱普迪产品目录

      爱普迪是值得您信赖的网络互连产业合作伙伴。竞博App官方下载ios可生产各种光纤组件和光缆产品,能满足各种网络互连需求。

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    • 爱普迪卓越的多芯工程技术

      在这样一个对带宽要求越来越高的信息化时代,竞博App官方下载ios卓越的多芯工程技术能帮助客户实现其对高密度、高带宽和高扩展性的光缆需求。​

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  • 产品术语表
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z
    • A
    • Absorption
      玻璃中杂质对光能的吸收并转化为热
    • Acceptance Angle
      光纤芯能接受入射光的最大角度, and usually measured from the fiber axis
    • Access Network
      连接个人和商业用户的更广泛的电信网络中的一个组件
    • Adapter
      在更广泛的电信网络中连接个人和商业用户的部件coA一种用于对齐和连接光纤连接器的机械设备
    • Adapter Sleeve
      A mechanical fixture contained in an adapter that aligns and holds the terminated fiber connectors; also known as a split sleeve
    • Aerial Plant
      A mechanical fixture contained in an adapter that aligns and holds the terminated fiber connectors; also known as a split sleeveCables that is suspended in the air on telephone and utility poles
    • Angled Physical Contact (APC)
      一种光纤套圈抛光风格,在套圈尖端上设置5˚-15˚角,以最大限度地减少反向反射
    • Angular Misalignment
      光纤芯能接受入射光的最大角度, 通常从光纤轴测量光纤连接器的角度偏差, and causes attenuation
    • Aramid Yarn
      在光纤电缆内提供支撑、保护和抗拉强度的一种纱线
    • Armor
      光纤电缆内的金属保护层,为光纤提供额外的保护
    • Armored Cable
      A type of fiber optic cable that includes armor
    • Attenuation
      两点之间光功率的减小,通常以分贝(dB)表示
    • Attenuation Coefficient
      相对于特定单位长度的衰减,通常为每公里分贝(db/km)
    • Attenuation Meter
      一种用于测量光纤电缆、连接器和系统衰减的设备
    • Attenuator
      A passive device that reduces the amplitude of a light signal
    • Average Power
      The average power signal over a period of time
    • Axis
      The center of an optical fiber
    • B
    • Backbone
      连接相对较远的点或地区的电信网络的主要部分
    • Backbone Cabling
      建筑内部和建筑内部连接入口设施的电缆, equipment rooms and telecommunication closets
    • Backreflection
      Light that is reflected and travels back to the origin source; also known as return loss
    • Backscattering
      光的散射和朝向原始光源的方向
    • Bandwidth
      光纤的容量,指光纤承载信息的能力, 并以每公里兆赫(MHz-km)或每公里千兆赫(GHz-km)来测量。
    • Bend Radius
      在光纤没有明显衰减或断裂的情况下弯曲光纤的最大半径
    • Bending Loss
      The attenuation or loss in an optical fiber caused by bending
    • Bragg Scattering
      散射:由于材料折射率的变化而引起的光的散射
    • Breakout
      为了拼接或安装光纤连接器而在光纤电缆中分离单个光纤或缓冲管
    • Breakout Cable
      一种光纤电缆,它包含具有单独护套的光纤,然后所有单独护套被一个公共电缆护套包围
    • Bundle
      A group of individual fibers assembled in an unit
    • Buffer
      The protective layer inside a fiber optic cable that surrounds the fiber cladding that provides protection and mechanical isolation; also known as buffer tubes, buffer coating or coating
    • C
    • Cable
      一种由光纤和其它保护光纤的材料组成的组件, enclosed for protective covering
    • Cable Assembly
      将光纤连接器组装成光纤电缆, 可以是跳线(两端有连接器),也可以是辫子(一端有连接器)
    • Central Member
      光纤电缆的中心部件,可作为加强构件,因此也称为中央加强构件
    • Channel
      A communications path
    • Channel Spacing
      The allocation of bandwidth to channels
    • Chromatic Dispersion
      色散是由不同波长的光信号以不同的速度传播引起的, expressed in picoseconds per kilometer per nanometer, and the sum of material and waveguide dispersion
    • Cladding
      在光纤电缆中,围绕光纤芯的是一层玻璃, and together with the fiber core make up an optical waveguide
    • Cleave
      在光纤电缆装配过程中,通过玻璃的控制断裂来分离光纤, for the purpose of obtaining a fiber end that is flat, smooth, and perpendicular to the fiber axis
    • Cleaver
      一种精密的工具,它将纤维折断以产生一个扁平的末端,用于抛光或拼接
    • Composite Cable
      A cable consisting of both fiber and copper; also known as hybrid cable
    • Concentricity
      测量熔覆层中芯的居中位置
    • Conduit
      可牵引或安装光纤电缆的管道
    • Connector
      一种安装在光纤电缆一端的机械装置,用于将光纤连接到另一个源或将其解耦
    • Connectorization
      The preparation of an end of a fiber and connector assembling; also referred as termination
    • Containerized Data Center
      数据中心被安置在集装箱中,与建筑物相对
    • Core
      The center of the optical fiber that transmit light
    • Coupler
      一种将光组合成一根光纤或将光分割成一根以上光纤的装置
    • Coupling
      The transfer of light into or out of an optical fiber
    • Crimper
      将光纤连接器压接到电缆中的光纤上以提供额外机械强度的工具
    • Critical Angle
      光线相对于法线的最小角度,可以引导光路
    • Cross-connect
      一种能够终止电缆及其与其他电缆或设备的互连或交叉连接的设施. Also known as a distributor
    • Cutoff Wavelength
      单模光纤只支持一种传输模式的波长
    • D
    • Decibel (dB)
      A measuring unit used to measure optical power
    • Dielectric
      一种非金属且不导电的材料,如纤维
    • Dispersion
      The spreading of light pulses as it travels along the fiber
    • Dispersion Compensation
      The reduction of dispersion in a fiber
    • Ducting
      A conduit for placing and protecting fiber optic cable
    • Duplex Cable
      两根电缆连接成一根电缆的一种电缆结构
    • E
    • Eccentricity
      对芯子不在包层中心位置的量的测量
    • Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
      The interference of signal transmission because of radiation; optical fibers are not susceptible to electromagnetic interferences
    • Enclosure
      A cabinet for enclosing cable terminations and splices
    • End Finish
      光纤端面的质量,用于连接或终止连接器
    • Entrance Facility
      电缆入口:建筑物中作为网络电缆入口的部分
    • Epoxy
      一种热固性树脂,用于光纤电缆组件中,用于将光纤与连接器套圈固定
    • Equipment Room
      The centralized room that houses telecommunications equipment in a building
    • ESCON
      通过光纤将外设连接到计算机的IBM标准
    • Extrinsic Loss
      光传输系统外部光源引起的衰减
    • F
    • Fanout
      一种断接式多纤电缆,设计用于建筑物内部或建筑物间的连接要求
    • Ferrule
      连接在光纤连接器两端的对准管, and are generally made of zirconia, alumina, or plastic
    • Fiber
      灯芯:由芯和包层组成的玻璃或塑料细丝
    • Fiber Optics
      利用光纤导光,用于通信或照明
    • Fiber Optics
      利用光纤导光,用于通信或照明
    • Fiber Stripper
      一种用于去除光纤电缆缓冲涂层的工具
    • Fiber Tracer
      一种跟踪光纤连接并允许视觉检查连续性的仪器
    • Frequency
      每单位时间的周期数,其中1赫兹等于I周期每秒
    • Fresnel Reflection
      当折射率突然发生变化时,如在光纤的末端,从表面反射的光
    • Fusion Splice
      一种通过加热使纤维末端融合或融化而永久连接在一起的剪接技术, forming a continuous single fiber
    • Fusion Splicer
      An instrument that performs fusion splice
    • G
    • Gigahertz (GHz)
      A unit of frequency that equals one billion cycles per second
    • Graded Index Fiber
      光纤芯中心特性折射率最高的一种光纤, and decreases towards the cladding
    • H
    • Hertz (Hz)
      A unit of frequency that equals one cycle per second
    • Horizontal Cabling
      连接地板分电器和工作区域电信插座的电缆部分
    • I
    • Index Matching Fluid
      一种折射率接近玻璃的液体,用于减少因材料折射率差异而引起的反射
    • Index of Refraction
      A measure of the speed of light and is a ratio of the speed of light in a material compared to its speed in free space; also referred as the refractive index
    • Injection Loss
      Attenuation caused by the insertion of a component such as a fiber optic connector or splice; also known as insertion loss
    • Insertion Loss
      Attenuation caused by the insertion of a component such as a fiber optic connector or splice; also known as injection loss
    • Interbuilding Backbone
      The backbone cabling between buildings
    • Intrabuilding Backbone
      The backbone cabling within a building
    • Intrinsic Loss
      Attenuation caused within the fiber
    • J
    • Jacket
      The outer layer protective coating of a fiber optic cable
    • Jacket Stripper
      A cutter for stripping cable jackets
    • Jumper
      A fiber optic cable that is connectorized at both ends of the cables; also known as a patch cord
    • K
    • Kevlar
      芳纶纱一种芳纶纱的商标,用于光纤电缆内部作支撑, protection, and tensile strength
    • Keying
      芳纶纱一种芳纶纱的商标,用于光纤电缆内部作支撑, protection, 和抗拉强度连接器系统的机械特性,它保证连接的正确方向或防止连接到插孔或光纤
    • L
    • Lapping Film
      Film that is used to polish the end of the connector ferrules; also referred as polishing paper or polishing film
    • Laser
      由受激辐射引起的光放大的缩写, which is a device that products high-intensity, directional, monochromatic beam of light
    • Laser Diode
      一种由半导体材料制成的激光器,用于将光传输到光纤中
    • Light Emitting Diode (LED)
      一种半导体器件,它在响应电信号时产生波长范围很广的光
    • Local Area Network (LAN)
      一个小的物理区域内的通信网络,如一个建筑物或一组建筑物
    • Loose Tube Cable
      一种光纤电缆的设计,其中保护管包围光纤在外部电缆护套内
    • Loss Budget
      光纤系统中可接受的总损耗(衰减)的预算
    • Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH)
      一种电缆护套等级,在受热时具有有限烟雾和无卤素的特点
    • M
    • Macrobend
      光纤电缆的弯曲,可以被人眼看到
    • Main Cross-connect (MC)
      一级骨干电缆、入口电缆、设备电缆交叉连接
    • Mechanical Splice
      通过机械方法连接光纤,而不是通过熔接
    • Megahertz (MHz)
      频率单位,等于每秒一百万循环
    • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
      A communications network, larger than a LAN, 可以由几个局域网组成,并扩展到一个大都市区的大小
    • Micro
      A prefix for a millionth
    • Microbend
      弯曲:在制造过程中引起的光纤电缆的微小弯曲
    • Micrometer (μm)
      A unit of distance that equals one millionth of a meter; also referred as a micron
    • Micron (μm)
      A unit of distance that equals one millionth of a meter; also referred as a micrometer
    • Microscope
      A device used to inspect the end surface of a connector
    • Modal Dispersion
      多模光纤中的一种色散,光脉冲沿光纤的长度扩散
    • Mode
      Light transmission paths in a fiber where the number of modes is determined by the numerical aperture and the core diameter; two broad types are singlemode and multimode
    • Mode Field Diameter (MFD)
      The diameter of one mode of light in singlemode fiber
    • Monomode Fiber
      A type of fiber that transmit light in one single mode, and has a smaller fiber core than multimode fiber; also referred as singlemode fiber
    • Multi-Fiber Cable
      A fiber optic cable that contains more than one fiber
    • Multimode Fiber (MMF)
      一种传输多种模式光的光纤, and has a bigger fiber core than singlemode fiber
    • Multiplexing
      The transmission of different signals in a single fiber
    • N
    • Nanometer (nm)
      A unit of one billionth of a meter
    • National Electrical Code (NEC)
      美国建筑物电缆和电线的可燃性标准
    • Node
      一种连接点,数据传输的再分发点或终点. In general, a node has programmed or engineered capability to recognize, process, and forward transmissions to other nodes.
    • Numerical Aperture (NA)
      一种表示纤维的光收集能力的度量
    • O
    • OM5
      OM5是ISO/IEC 11801于2016年10月指定的一种新型光纤. 这种宽带多模光纤利用850至953nm的宽波长范围,采用短波分复用(SWDM)可达到400G传输
    • Optical Fiber
      灯芯:由芯和包层组成的玻璃或塑料细丝
    • Optical Fiber Non-conductive Plenum (OFNP)
      A cable jacket rating that is non-conductive and used in plenum applications; they have the highest fire retardant rating compared to OFNR and LSZH
    • Optical Fiber Non-conductive Riser (OFNR)
      一种电缆护套等级,适用于立管应用,设计用于防止火灾在建筑物内从楼层蔓延到楼层
    • Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR)
      一种测量光纤传输特性的仪器,通过向光纤中发送一系列短脉冲光,并提供背向散射光的图形表示
    • Outlets
      在结构化布线系统的工作位置提供的插座
    • Overfilled Launch
      一种将光发射到光纤中的条件,其中入射光具有比光纤所接受的更大的光斑大小和数值孔径, filling all modes in the fiber
    • P
    • Passive Optical Network (PON)
      A point-to-multipoint optical communications network
    • Patch Cord
      A fiber optic cable that is connectorized at both ends of the cables; also known as a jumper
    • Patch Panel
      一种将主干电缆连接到一排连接器以形成交叉连接和相互连接的硬件
    • Physical Contact (PC)
      一种光纤插针抛光,其中光纤被抛光成光滑的曲线,相邻的光纤在没有空气间隙的情况下发生物理接触
    • Pigtail
      A fiber optic cable that is connectorized at one end only
    • Plenum
      空气处理空间:建筑物的空气处理空间,如在升高的地板或垂下的天花板上
    • Point-to-Point (P2P)
      The air handling space of a building, 两个特定位置之间的直接通信连接
    • Polarization
      光波构成光波的垂直电场和磁场的排列
    • Polyethylene (PE)
      在植物光纤电缆外护套中发现的一种塑料材料
    • Polyvinyl-Chloride (PVC)
      阻燃光纤电缆护套中的一种塑料材料, ideally deployed in indoor applications
    • Polyvinyldifluoride (PVDF)
      光纤非导电静压箱(OFNP)电缆护套中的一种材料
    • Preform
      A large diameter glass rod where the fiber is constructed
    • Q
    • R
    • Raceway
      Any distribution method designed for holding cables (i.e. conduit, metal or plastic trunking, cable trays, etc.)
    • Refractive Index
      A measure of the speed of light and is a ratio of the speed of light in a material compared to its speed in free space; also referred as the index of refraction
    • Repeater
      一种用于再生光信号以防止衰减的装置,用于长距离光纤链路
    • Return Loss
      Light that is reflected and travels back to the origin source; also known as backreflection
    • Riser
      The cable paths between floors in a building
    • S
    • Scattering
      一种玻璃特性,导致光从纤维偏转,并有助于本征衰减
    • Server
      网络中的计算机,它向同一网络中的客户端计算机提供不同的服务
    • Signal to Noise Ratio
      信号电平与背景噪声的比值,以分贝表示
    • Simplex cable
      一种由单一纤维芯组成的电缆结构
    • Singlemode Fiber (SMF)
      A type of fiber that transmit light in one single mode, and has a smaller fiber core than multimode fiber; also referred as monomode fiber
    • Splice
      A method of joining two optical fiber ends
    • Splice Closure
      用于保存和保护拼接托盘的封闭容器
    • Splice Trays
      一种用于管理、保存和保护拼接光纤的硬件容器
    • Split Sleeve
      A mechanical fixture contained in an adapter that aligns and holds the terminated fiber connectors; also known as an adapter sleeve
    • Splitter
      一种从一根光纤获取信号并将其分割成其他几根光纤的装置
    • Step Index Fiber
      折射率在芯层和包层之间突然变化的一种光纤
    • Storage Area Network (SAN)
      A high speed network or subnetwork of shared storage devices
    • Strength Member
      提供额外保护和抗拉强度的光纤电缆的一部分, and may consist of steel strands and aramid yarn
    • T
    • Telecommunications Closet
      存放电信设备、电缆和交叉连接件的壁橱
    • Termination
      The preparation of an end of a fiber and connector assembling; also referred as connectorization
    • Tight Buffered Cable
      一种光纤电缆,其中每根光纤都被900微米涂层紧密缓冲,以便于处理和连接
    • Topology
      The layout of a communications network
    • Total Internal Reflection (TIR)
      光以大于临界角的角度传播并接近不同折射率材料时的反射
    • Transmitter
      一种同时充当接收器和收发器的装置
    • Trunk cable
      能够支持多个用户或设备从一点到另一点的任何光纤电缆
    • Tunable Laser
      A laser that can change its frequency over a given range
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • Waveguide Dispersion
      光在单模光纤中以不同速度传播引起的色散
    • Wavelength
      电磁波在一个完整的周期内振荡所经过的距离, and measured in nanometers (nm)
    • Wide Area Network (WAN)
      类似于小型局域网(LAN)的大型通信网络
    • X
    • Y
    • Z
    • Zero-Dispersion Wavelength
      单模光纤色散最小的波长
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